Some Nigerian males across various geographic and socioeconomic strata employ the use of herbals such as Cissus populnea extracts. Cissus populnea (Guill & Perr): A Study of the Aqueous Extract as Potential Spermatogenic Enhancers in Male Wistar Rats. Anthony B. Ojekale, Oladipupo A . Cissus populnea Guill. & Perr. [family VITACEAE]. Herbarium. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (K). Collection. Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa. Resource Type.

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Cissus populnea are plants associated with a myriad of medicinal uses in different parts of the world and are good sources of carotenoids, triterpenoids, and ascorbic acid. The Journal of urology, These antioxidants are polyphenolic compounds, which are found in all plants and in all parts of the plants tree bark, stalks, leaves, fruits, roots, flowers, pods, and seeds [ 6 ]. Lipid Peroxidation Assay 2. Data were analysed with SPSS However, the aqueous extract of the stem bark of C.

The high vitamin C content of the plant will definitely contribute additively or synergistically to the observed antioxidant and medicinal properties of the plant. The total phenolic content was determined using the method reported by Singleton et al.

The rats were allowed to assess food and water ad libitum.

The analysis showed the stem bark anthroquinone extract to contain physcion populnes chrysophanol. Cissus populnea, Vitaceae, aqueous extract, spermatogenesis, wistar albino rats, male fertility. The elevation in motility and proportion of normal sperm clssus was not significant. WB Saunders Company Ltd; Journal cisss Endocrinology, Extraction of Anthraquinones The powdered stem bark of C.

An estimate of the percentage of motile sperm was made [ 44 ]. Vitamin C has been reported to contribute to the antioxidant activities of plant food. The animals were fed with commercial rat feed Nemeith livestock feeds Ltd. Izzo, The aphrodisiac and adaptogenic properties of ginseng.


Lipids are considered to be the most susceptible macromolecules and are present in male reproductive organ. A reanalysis of global trend data.

Experimental Plant collection and Identification The stem of Cissus populnea were collected in Aprilin the morning from Tashar Ango, a village 60km along Zaria-Kano road. The effects were also compared with Addyzoa a commercially purchased fertility enhancing polyherbal formulation. Nigerian Quarterly Journal of Hospital Medicine, Tubules were better packed with mature spermatozoa in group 2 animals administered with C.

To the marc was added ml of methanol, 6ml of conc. Hutchinson J, Dalziel J M. Abstract Cissus populnea are plants associated with a myriad of medicinal uses in different parts of the world and are good sources of carotenoids, triterpenoids, and ascorbic acid.

Nigerian Quarterly Journal of Hospital Medicine

Determination of Vitamin C Content Vitamin C content of the sample was determined using the method of Benderitter et al. Oxford University Cisus Please review our privacy policy. The absence of tannins was tested cssus lead subacetate. HCl, few drops of FeCl 3 and refluxed on a water bath for 30 mins.

The sample was washed under running water, air dried after which the dried sample was grinded to powdered form, and kept dry in an air-tight container prior to the extraction. Figa-Talamanca, Reduction in fertility in male greenhouse workers exposed to pesticides. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, The thin layer chromatographic analysis revealed the anthraquinone extracts to contain physcion and chrysaphanol Table 1.

The stem bark has been reported to contain carbohydrates, tannins, cyanogenic glycosides, anthraquinones, saponins, cardiac glycosides and flavonoids Ibrahim, ; Ibrahim et al. Histology This followed a procedure as described [ 45 ].

Some Nigerian males across various geographic and socio-economic strata employ the use of herbals such as Cissus populnea extracts amongst others to manage this and also as herbal aphrodisiacs.

High levels of Fe play a crucial role in degenerative diseases by acting catalytically in the production of ROS which have the potential to damage cellular lipids, nucleic acids, proteins, and carbohydrate resulting in wide-ranging impairment in cellular function and integrity [ 2 ]. Testicular histology shows better packed spermatozoa in group of rats treated with Cissus populnea.


There are quite a number of herbals presently available and commercially sold in the public domain in Nigeria which the manufacturers claim to enhance both libido and spermatogenesis. The use of C.

Anthraquinones of Cissus Populnea Guill & Perr (Amplidaceae)

Various reasons including but not limited to. They are strong antioxidants capable of removing free radicals, chelate metal catalysts, activate antioxidant enzymes, reduce alpha-tocopherol radicals, and inhibit oxidases [ 27 ].

The percentage content of anthraquinones of the stem bark of Cissus populnea was determined by gravimetric method. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU.

Cissus populneastem bark, anthraquinones, TLC. Results and Discussion Many plants are rich sources of phytochemicals, and intakes of these plant chemicals have protective potential against degenerative diseases [ 23 ]. The animals were housed in well ventilated cages and maintained in the animal house of the Department of Biochemistry, Lagos State University, Ojo, Lagos for seven 7 days before the commencement of the drug treatment.

The plant extract reportedly ameliorated testicular damage induced by flutamide in pre-pubertal rats [ 40 ]. The animals were used in accordance with the populnfa approved by the Animal Ethics Committee of the Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria. The animals were cissuss daily with commercial rat feed and water ad libitum. Results and Discussion 3.