Davidson makes an argument for his version of non-reductive physicalism. The argument relies on the. Donald Davidson wanted to resolve what he saw as a conflict in all Anomalous monism postulates token event identity without psychophysical laws. From the. Summary, Anomalous Monism is a philosophical theory about the mind-body relationship, Davidson’s argument for the view is that it resolves the apparent.

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Donald Davidson: Anomalous Monism

Sign in Create an account. Summary Anomalous Monism is a philosophical theory about the mind-body relationship, developed by Donald Davidson. The theory has two components. One is the claim that the domain of mental events is anomalous, meaning that mentalistic descriptions of anomalpus, unlike physicalistic ones, are not subsumable under strict, exceptionless laws.

The other claim is that, nevertheless, mental events are identical to physical events. The resulting view is a form of predicate dualism combined with event monism, therefore, at least according to Davidson, a form of nonreductive physicalism, as it rejects the viability of type-type reductions, but asserts a monistic physical ontology.

Davidson’s argument for the view is that it resolves the apparent incompatibility of three plausible seeming claim: Under mentalistic descriptions, mental events are anomalous, but under physicalistic ones, they are not; hence propositions 1 to 3 are no really incompatible, if Anomalous Monism is adopted. The main criticism levelled against the dabidson is that it is not really physicalistic, in that it is in fact a form of aspect- or property-dualism.

Another popular criticism asserts that Davidson’s view actually renders mental events causally impotent, as causation is a relation among properties or aspects of events rather among events understood as primitive particulars. Key works The theory is first formulated in Davidsonreprinted in monlsm Davidson Kim has dedicated several works to criticising the view along the lines explained above, for example in KimKimand Kim Davidson offers an answer to these worries in Davidson Jobs in this area.

Options 1 filter applied. Using PhilPapers from home? Create an account to enable off-campus access through your institution’s proxy server. Be alerted of all new items appearing on this page. Choose how you want to monitor it: Add an entry to this list: Must mental properties figure in psychological causal laws if they are causally efficacious? And do those psychological causal laws give mpnism essence of mental properties? Contrary to the prevailing consensus, I argue that, on the usual conception of laws that is in play in these debates, there are in fact lawless causally efficacious properties both in and out of the philosophy of mind.

I argue that this makes a great difference to the philosophical relevance of empirical psychology. Furthermore, the empirical research on thesc phenomena suggests that the philosophical issues may be independent of what empirical psychology can tell us. Anomalous Monism in Philosophy of Mind. This paper is concerned with Davidson’s argument that very general properties of the theory of interpretation make the skeptical claim daidson most of our beliefs could turn out to be false insupportable.

Conceived as a ‘straight’ answer to the skeptic Davidson’s argument is not especially convincing.

In particular, Davidson’s answer to the skeptic presupposes a framework that allows for a new and seemingly more radical skepticism according to which we might not even have beliefs at all. Nevertheless, there is a The paper will both present the problems Davidson’s position has as a ‘straight’ solution to skepticism, and discuss the way in which his externalism does weaken the strength of the skeptical challenge.


Donald Davidson in 20th Century Philosophy. Replies to Skepticism, Misc in Epistemology. Skepticism, Misc in Epistemology. Over 35 years, Daniel Dennett has articulated a rich and expansive philosophical outlook.

There have been elaborations, refinements, and changes of mind, exposi- tory and substantive. This makes him hard to pin down. Does he, for example, think intentional states are real? What is needed is a map, charting developments and tracing dialectical threads through his extensive writings and the different regions of his thought. This is what Matthew Accessibly written, with a useful glossary and detailed guides to the literature, it will be ex- tremely helpful to students and professionals alike.

Dennett’s Functionalism in Philosophy of Mind. Metaphysics of Mind, Misc in Philosophy of Mind. Philosophy of Mind, Miscellaneous in Philosophy of Mind. Action Sentences in Philosophy of Action. Agency in Philosophy of Action. Causal Theory of Action in Philosophy of Action. Defining Action in Philosophy of Action. Inaction in Philosophy of Action. Intentional Action in Philosophy of Action.

The Structure of Action in Philosophy of Action. Token Identity in Metaphysics. Quine in 20th Century Philosophy. Weakness of Will in Philosophy of Action. The argument applies to intentional rather than phenomenal properties, so whenever I refer to mental properties and to psychophysical laws it should be understood that I mean intentional properties and laws relating them to physical davidsno.

We can classify theories of consciousness along two dimensions. First, a theory might be physicalist or dualist. Second, a mobism might endorse any of these three views regarding causal relations between phenomenal properties properties that characterize states of our consciousness and physical properties: In this paper, I explore anomalous dualism, a combination of views that has I suggest that a kind of anomalous dualism, nonreductive anomalous panpsychism, promises to offer the best overall answer to two pressing issues for dualist views, the problem of mental causation and the mapping problem the problem of predicting mind-body associations.

Causal Closure of the Physical in Metaphysics. Dualism about Consciousness in Philosophy of Mind. Panpsychism, Misc in Philosophy of Mind. Metaphysics of Mind in Philosophy of Mind. Physicalism about the Mind in Philosophy of Mind.

Science, Logic, and Mathematics. My goal is to clarify the relation of propositional attitudes to the physical state of a person. I argue for a version of property dualism and event dualism which does justice to the autonomy of psychology, that is, the intuition that psychological descriptions of people provide true and irreplacable explanations of behavior. My approach to the topic is through Donald Davidson’s anomalous monism, which I analyze into three components.

Davidson’s argument for the anomaly of the mental is often considered fragmentary This is because his philosophy of mind is not self-contained, but depends upon an understanding of his theory of radical interpretation. Belief ascriptions and the theory of meaning must go hand in monissm, because the contents of beliefs are semantic in nature. The anomaly of the mental is argued thus to result from the indeterminacy of translation. I then turn to the two concepts of identity and supervenience.


I hold that the abomalous concepts are independent. I consider a number of analyses of supervenience, based on the work of Jaegwan Kim, arguing against his assertion that supervenience entails reducibility. I also argue that Davidson was wrong to accept any version of the identity theory, even token identity, due to the semantic nature of propositional attitude contents. An argument by Tyler Burge is used to buttress this position. Finally, a new definition of supervenience is provided, one compatible with both the anomaly of the mental and the rejection of the identity theory.

Philosophy of Psychology in Philosophy of Cognitive Science. Donald Davidson’s theory of the relationship between the mental and physical, anomalous monism,has recently come under attack by a number davisson philosophers who have argued that the theory fails to allow adequate causal power to the mental.

The mental, they say, has causal power only in virtue of its relationship to the physical; true causal power remains only with the physical properties of things on AM. I argue, contrary to these critics, omnism AM does allow adequate causal power The mental is no less causally efficacious than the physical on Davidson’s theory.

Davidson’s anomalous monism – Acrewoods home

I present reasons for thinking that the difficulties that Davidson’s critics see for AM arise largely from their own views, not from Davidson’s. Much of the support that I provide for my argument is based on a close examination of Davidson’s positions, especially in regards to his views on properties, causation, and supervenience. I argue that Davidson should be viewed as a predicate nominalist, whereas many of his critics are immanent realists.

I trace the ramifications of accepting predicate nominalism through its consequences for Davidson’s theory of causation and his concept of anpmalous. In the last three chapters eavidson concerns of some of Davidson’s critics are more specifically addressed; in particular difficulties raised by Jerry Fodor, Ernest Sosa, and Jaegwon Kim are all discussed.

My concern is not to demonstrate that anomalous monism is unproblematic. It is only to show that, properly understood, monidm does not treat the mental as causally inert.

Mental Causation in Philosophy of Mind.

I suggest the davidosn of the term by Davidson and Hare lends support to turning the concept upside down by giving priority to the Manifest Image The paper argues against the widely accepted assumption that the causal laws of completed physics, in contrast to those of the special sciences, are essentially strict. This claim played an important role already in debates about the anomalousness of the mental, and it currently anoalous a renaissance in various discussions about mental causation, projectability of special science laws, and the nature of physical laws.

Anomalous monism

By illustrating the distinction with some paradigmatic physical laws, the paper demonstrates that only law schemata are Several potential replies to this argument are discussed and rejected as unsound.

We were asked to evaluate this research in terms of naomalous scientific value. We were also asked to comment on its potential utility for intelligence applications.