The IEC Type 2 connector is used for charging electric cars within Europe. Electric power is provided as single-phase or three-phase alternating current ( AC), or direct current (DC). For DC charging, the Combo 2 socket (Type 2 supplemented with 2 DC pins) shall become standard in cars, replacing Type 4. General Info: Electro Standards Laboratories is an engineering, design and ESL is Phase II SBIR awarded and is based in Cranston, R.I.; BBB Rating: A+. 95 Employees Phase 2 STTR Electro Standards Laboratories proposes to meet the requirements with mechanical wav.

Author: Dougore Vujar
Country: Turkmenistan
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Politics
Published (Last): 27 January 2010
Pages: 287
PDF File Size: 1.18 Mb
ePub File Size: 2.45 Mb
ISBN: 356-3-59619-711-1
Downloads: 88416
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Goshura

In addition to AC versus DC types, motors may be brushed or brushlessmay be of various phase see single-phasetwo-phaseor three-phaseand may be either air-cooled or liquid-cooled.

Electro Standards Laboratories 36 Western Industrial Dr, Cranston, RI –

Should the engine run too fast, the governor will reduce the current being applied to the motor, causing the return spring to pull back and close the throttle. A doubly-fed motor allows for a smaller electronic converter but the cost of the rotor winding and slip rings may offset the saving in the power electronics components. Electric motors Electrical engineering Electromagnetic components Energy conversion British inventions Magnetic propulsion devices Hungarian inventions. Small brushes are also desirable for lower cost.

The motor shaft extends through the bearings to the outside of the motor, where the load is applied. A major turning point came inwhen Antonio Pacinotti first described the ring armature.

Many household and industrial motors are in the fractional-horsepower class. By shaping the bars to change the resistance of the winding portions in the interior and outer parts of the cage, effectively a variable resistance is inserted in the rotor circuit. Technical Innovations of — and Their Lasting Impact.


Rotating Electrical Machines and Power Systems 2nd ed. Fixed or variable single-phase AC, variable electrrostandards being derived, typically, by full-wave phase-angle control with triac s ; closed-loop control optional.

Most electric motors operate through the interaction between the motor’s magnetic field and winding currents to generate force in the form of rotation. Because this field is fixed, it cannot be adjusted for speed control.

Type 2 connector – Wikipedia

The brushless wound-rotor synchronous doubly-fed BWRSDF machine is the only electric machine with a truly dual ported transformer circuit topology i. Scott to help Tesla; however, Tesla left for other pursuits in Pinouts for Type 2 male and female electric vehicle charging plugs.

Low-power synchronous timing motors such as those for traditional electric clocks may have multi-pole permanent magnet external cup rotors, and use shading coils to provide starting torque.

Retrieved July 28, The first alternating-current commutatorless induction motors were independently invented by Galileo Ferraris and Nikola Teslain andrespectively.

Charging station socket outlet female and matching plug male, blue color. This increased current provides the additional torque to balance the new load.

Electrostandatds sparking limits the maximum speed of the machine, as too-rapid sparking will overheat, erode, or even melt the commutator.

Archived from the original on Some motors have conductors that consist of thicker metal, such as bars or sheets of metal, usually copperalternatively aluminum. Electric electrostandars may be classified by considerations such as power source type, internal construction, application and type of motion output. Doubly-fed electric motors are machines with an effective constant torque speed range that is twice synchronous speed for a given frequency of excitation.

One of the patents Tesla filed inhowever, also described a shorted-winding-rotor induction motor.

Electric Machines and Drives Conference, In this usage, the motor works against a return spring to move the throttle in accordance with the output of the governor. Retrieved 11 January Wikimedia Commons has media related to Electric motors. Modern software, such as Motor-CADcan help to increase the thermal efficiency of motors while still in the design stage. PM fields stators are convenient in miniature motors to eliminate the power consumption of the field winding.


The SBIR database contains more thansuch awards as well as company and personnel profiles for the top researchers in virtually every emerging technology area.

Electric motors can be powered by direct current DC sources, such as from batteries, motor vehicles or rectifiers, or by alternating current AC sources, such as a power grid, inverters or electrical generators.

The vibrating alert of cellular phones is sometimes generated by tiny cylindrical permanent-magnet field types, but there are also disc-shaped types that have a thin multipolar disc field magnet, and an intentionally unbalanced molded-plastic rotor structure with two bonded coreless coils. Another approach Magnax is to use a single stator sandwiched between two rotors. Reducing the load will cause the motor to speed up, and increasing the load will cause the motor to slow down until the load and motor torque are equal.

In the salient-pole machine the pole’s magnetic field is produced by a winding wound around the pole below the pole face.

Electro Standards Laboratories

In this motor, the mechanical “rotating switch” or commutator is replaced by an external electronic switch synchronised to the rotor’s position. While most commutators are cylindrical, some are flat discs consisting of several segments typically, at least three mounted on an insulator. An external elecgrostandards or other control devices can be connected in the rotor circuit. Retrieved 12 February