Nor, viewed as a biography, does xvi JOHANN SEBASTIAN BACH Forkel much enlarge our knowledge of the con- ditions of Bach’s life. He had the advantage. Johann Sebastian Bach, his Life, Art, and Work [Johann Nikolaus Forkel] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. This anthology is a thorough . Johann Sebastian Bach: His life, art, and work [Johann Nikolaus Forkel] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

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Bach’s modulation was as original and char- acteristic as his harmony, and as closely related to it.

The oldest, the Clavichord, as a rule, had two strings bwch every note, set in motion by a ‘ tangent ‘ striking them from below. Thomas’ boys, after attaining musical proficiency, were apt to become restless, demanding release from their indentures, and even running away to more attractive and lucrative occupations.

He held the Harpsichord, or Clavicembalo, incapable of the gradations of tone obtainable on the Clavichord, an instrument which, forkeel feeble in quality, is extremely flexible.

Johann Sebastian Bach: His Life, Art, and Work – Wikipedia

The Organ was silent. Forkel gives most attention to Bach’s keyboard music. But that is not the case.

Bach ‘ London, we find the clue. Then he developed it with solo stops in a Trio or Quartet. His criticism of Bach as a composer is restricted practically to Bach’s Organ and Clavier works. If it is doubled, it must rise doubled in both parts and, conse- quently, form consecutive octaves. And what more can one demand? Quantz x has expressed the 1 Johann Joachim Quantz, b.

Whoever did the translation, it was by guys who were there. Otherwise the hearer’s attention will be diverted from the tout ensemble.

The present writer had an opportunity to examine them in the Library forkrl the Cologne Conservatorium of Music in the spring of this year. Liszewski in the Joachimsthal Gymnasium, Berlin, was painted intwenty-two years after Bach’s death.


Martin’s Day forekl the Rector took a thaler, the Cantor and the Sub-Rector each took one-eleventh of the balance, sixteen thirty- thirds went to the singers, and one-quarter of what remained fell to the Cantor. The twins appear to have been quite remarkable. We are tempted to the con- clusion that Bach appealed to him chiefly as a supreme master of technique, and our hearts would open to him more forksl did not his apprecia- tion of Bach march with a narrow depreciation of Haydn, Mozart, and Beethoven, the last of whom, he declared ex cathedra, had not produced ‘ a single work which can be called a master- piece.

Johann Nikolaus Forkel

On the contrary I am convinced that there are no words adequate to express the thoughts Bach’s transcendent genius stirs one to utter. One evening, 1 when he had got out his flute and the musicians were at their desks, an official brought him a list of the strangers newly arrived at Potsdam. The latter’s post was still vacant and a new and particularly large Organ sixty-three speaking stops was being erected. Scheibe, late Director of Music at the Danish Court, who as a young man was examined by Bach on such an occasion, was so incensed by Bach’s unfavourable verdict that he after- wards avenged himself in his ‘ Critical Musician ‘ by violently attacking his examiner.

To serve that end a simple ac- companiment will not suffice.

To permit the general effect to be appreciated every note and every bacy must fkrkel sounded with balanced distinctness. He had not proceeded far before he came to a passage at which he stopped. Very early in his career he made a point of giving to each part of the Organ the utterance best suited to its qualities, and this led him to seek unusual com- binations of stops which otherwise would not have occurred to him.

Bach was drawn to Arniiadt chiefly by the fact that the New Church recently had been equipped with a particularly fine Organ specification in Spitta, i. Marchand accepted the challenge, a time and place for the contest were fixed, and the King gave his approval.


In kind he was entitled to 16 bushels of corn and 2 cords of firelogs, together with 2 torkel of wine at each of the three great Festivals. Written at a time when Bach’s greatness was realised in hardly any quarter, the forksl claimed for him pre-eminence which a tardily enlightened world since has con- ceded him.

When I say ‘ more frequent use ‘ I do so advisedly ; for whereas in Bach’s system the thumb is the principal finger for the difficult keys, as they are called, are unplayable without it it is not equally indispensable with Couperin, whose thematic material was not so intricate as Bach’s, nor did he compose or play in such difficult keys.

To his musical compositions, which are numerous, little interest is to be attached today. Kollmann, as a year-old Hanoverian probably was not equally fluent in English and German, and thus probably would have reacted as follows in a conversation with the English translator of Forkel’s Bach biography or the assisting translator for some of his other musicological studies that were printed in English: His praise therefore was particularly flattering to Bach.

Johann Nikolaus Forkel – Wikipedia

To produce it Bach followed a course of his own, upon which the text- books of his day were silent, but which his genius suggested to him. They were so curved and compact when he played, that no motion, and scarcely the fingers themselves, could be discovered. He rose at five in summer, at six in winter, dined at ten and supped at five in the afternoon.