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Sony has announced a new Vaio Z laptop that incorporates Thunderbolt controllers from Intel, but uses a proprietary optical connection via a specially modified USB3 port. Furthermore, Intel only mentioned two vendors aside from Apple who were considering adopting Thunderbolt when it announced the technology earlier this year: So far, though, Apple is the only supplier for Thunderbolt bennum.


Our telecom source noted that Intel made an unusual choice in also using active cabling for future optical-based iterations of Thunderbolt. This made USB a more attractive, less expensive alternative for device makers. Apple later relaxed the licensing fees, but an alternate 4-pin, non-powered version of FireWire—dubbed “IEEE ” and branded as “i. Intel confirmed gnenum Thunderbolt requires specific Thunderbolt cables. The combination of non-compatible plugs and added cost meant that FireWire ended up being largely confined to high-speed storage and the burgeoning digital video and digital audio industries.

But Thunderbolt’s high cost in terms of the necessary controllers and relatively expensive active cabling could limit its expansion to the broader market.

And though Apple turned over the FireWire standard to standards body IEEE, the company originally required additional licensing fees to use the FireWire trademark and logo.


Chris Foresman Chris is an Associate Writer at Ars Technica, where he has spent the last five years writing about Apple, smartphones, digital photography, and patent litigation, among other topics. Without additional suppliers, that could lead to trouble in gaining wider gennhm for the standard in the industry. Link” by Sony—had already begun to gain wide adoption.

Though Gennum is already highlighting its Thunderbolt transceiver chips, Intel would not say when official specs would be released to other manufacturers, or when other suppliers might be able to offer compatible cabling. Passive cabling is more common, but active cabling could offer some advantages.

Thunderbolt may be capable of some impressive speeds, but Apple and Intel run the risk of the technology quickly becoming a dead end if Apple remains the only vendor for Thunderbolt-equipped computers as well as Thunderbolt cables.

The situation is not unlike the one that plagued FireWire in its early days. You must login or create an account to comment. Another good reason to use active optical cables, according to our source, “is that your current electrical ports can be forward compatible with future optical cables. For one, active cables could combine fiber optics with electrical cabling for power transmission. Compensating for these properties “greatly improves the signal-to-noise ratio” for high-bandwidth data transmission.

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That port can connect to a special discrete GPU-equipped docking station that won’t be compatible with standard Thunderbolt peripherals. Despite these benefits, FireWire cost more to implement on a device because it required a separate controller chip in each device. These cables contain tiny genjum at either end that are calibrated to the attenuation and dispersion properties of the wire between them.

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A support technician told Ars that Apple’s cable is a “smart” cable that “has firmware in it. A source within the telecom industry explained to Ars that active cables are commonly used at data rates above 5Gbps.

Thunderbolt’s high bandwidth and low latency are perfect for these applications.

A faster FireWire standard emerged, but used an entirely new 9-pin connector that required adapters to use with 6-pin FireWire devices gn203 4-pin IEEE devices. HP ultimately decided it wouldn’t be adopting Thunderbolt in its computers any time soon. Apple didn’t respond to our requests for further information about the “firmware in the cable,” but an EETimes article from earlier this year noted that in addition to having different electrical characteristics from Mini DisplayPort, Thunderbolt also uses active cabling to achieve full duplex 10Gbps transmission.

The technology inside Apple’s $50 Thunderbolt cable

Our friends at iFixit made a trip to a local Apple Store to find out what hardware gn2303 Apple’s Thunderbolt cable. Greater third-party support will be the key to the broad market adoption needed to support Thunderbolt in the years to come. Designed by Apple and featured on its own computers, the original FireWire standard offered significant speed improvements over USB 1.