In , the psychiatrist Charles K. Hofling conducted a field experiment on obedience in the nurse-physician relationship. The aim of this. Hospital Under Beds, Hospital Over Beds, Eldercare or Hospice Facility Home > August – Volume – Issue 2 > AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY IN HOFLING CHARLES K. M.D.; BROTZMAN, EVELINE R.N, M.S.; Diagnosis of Ovarian Cancer and Object Relationships in Early Memories: A Pilot Study. In the original Hofling hospital experiment (). A person would telephone a nurse, saying that he was a doctor and giving a fictitious name, asking the nurse .

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This turned out not to be quite true, as per a partial replication by Rank and Jacobsonin which they eliminated one of the reasons: The implication is that with fewer reasons to refuse, they would be even more likely to obey.

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you acknowledge that you have read our updated terms of serviceprivacy policy and cookie policyand that your continued use of the website is subject to these policies. One of the many disturbing aspects of the experiment, is that even with so many reasons to refuse, the nurses tended to obey. As there was no informed consent, the participants were not aware of the investigation and therefore could not withdraw.

Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease The experiment was ethical due to the face that everything was confidental. Maximum dose 10 mg.

The nurses were watched to see what they would do. A bottle expeeriment “Astroten” had been edperiment in the drug cabinet, but there was no drug of that name on the approved list. The main reason for this is that no one was harmed or hugely distressed as a result of the experiment.

Although there is a debrief at the very end, some nurses will come away mentally scared. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

hofling hospital

This article needs additional citations for verification. When the nurse checks she can see that the maximum dosage is supposed to be 10mg. The point was to take nospital nurse from their everyday life and place them in this situation for a spontaneous reaction; if the nurse had known about it they may have experi,ent their answer or done something different to what they would have originally done to seem like the better person.


However in the experimental situation all the nurses baring 1 did start to give the medication. However there are some ethical issues, but in my opinion these issues do not cause people massive distress or psychological harm.

Although it does not show any opportunity to withdraw data at the end of the experiment. However, there is also some other factors that Hofling did not comply with.

Starting from Nazism where ordinary Germans, who were loving parents to their children, but actively participated in killing of Jews. September 2, at 6: Hofling then selected 22 nurses at a hospital in the United States for the actual experiment.

Hofling’s Hospital Experiment of Obedience | Simply Psychology

The ethics of the experimeht are, overall, reasonable however some parts of the experiment could be viewed as unethical. For example the nurse was not informed consent, however this could have resulted in a change in the results of the experiment however perhaps another member of staff should have be informed for health and safety reasons. There are several reasons why the nurse should refuse the request: In conclusion I would let someone repeat the experiment because it meets enough ethical guidelines to make it safe and there is low risk of long term side effects.

The participants were deceived as little as possible but the ethical guidelines do say that deception may not cause the participants distress, the experiment did cause some distress, which may not be ethically viable. In conclusion I would let the experiment take place again, however considering experjment ethnical guidelines more closely. Therefore i think that the experiment is acceptable and should be allowed to be repeated. Smith, who asked them to administer the drug and said that he would write up the paperwork as soon as he got to the hospital.


After a number of voltage-level increases, the actor started to bang on the wall that separated him from the subject, after several times banging on the wall and complaining about his heart condition, all responses by the learner would cease.

The participants were debriefed at the end of the study and their role in the research was explained to them. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, Additionally the participants of the study were protected from any harm. He also found that 21 of 22 nurses to whom he had given the questionnaire had said they would not obey the orders of the doctor, and that 10 out of the 22 nurses had done this before, with a different drug.

Although the nurses did not give informed consent or get a debrief, if this did happen the result of the experiment would not be a true reflexion of how a nurse responds to a doctor who is breaching the hospital policies and therefore the aim of the investigation would not be met.

Gang Membership and Teenage Offending. Likewise, the nurses may have been slightly misled and deceived as they were unaware of the experiment that was taking place however this was all included in the nature of the experiment. This is because the experiment in is mostly unethical as it is misleading to the nurses because they have not given informed consent or information that they could withdraw from the investigation if they wanted to.

Additionally the participants are protected from any harm during the experiment.

However I would like a few changes to be made. August 29, at 1: August 31, at