Unit 1. Introduction to IBM System p Servers and AIX system administration Administration II class (Q/AU16) includes a discussion of diagnostics. In the following example, AU20 is the name of a non-DDN network, and AU16 is the name of a DDN network. * NPSI MCH DTE Window Packet Logical * LU. In the following example of the LINK statement, AU20 is the name of a non-DDN network, and AU16 is the name of a DDN network. * NPSI MCH DNIC DTE.

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Human speech was manually edited to fit portions of words or phrases into the fixed ms time slots. Use of CID-W22 lists in intelli- gibility testing, effects of word and diphone familiarity, techniques of diphone synthesis, test procedures, results.

Three-ring binder for 8. The patterns were then taped to a transparent, endless mylar belt to be carried past a flying-spot scanner photos.

Watson Research Center, speech synthesis Dir. Aylsworth, “Some effects of list familiarity and synthetic segment familiarity on the intelligibility of PB-words produced by diphone synthesis,” 70th meeting of the Acoust. iibm

The synthesizer control patterns were stored digitally in the computer in short units, mainly as consonant- ai16 and vowel-consonant pairs.

Diphone-assembly logic starts on leaf 17 for 12 pages. This was one of the first uses of intelligibility tests to diagnose problems with speech synthesis.

IBM’s use of online interactive processing with graphic displays took another decade to develop. Sufficient data has been included with this jbm to allow diphone synthesis to be reconstructed by simulation. Contours on the older photocopies have been darkened by hand for better reproduction. A partial control pattern and sound sample.


Dixon was able to improve the method of diphone segmentation and assembly, but text-to-speech capability was not reached. Truby coined the name “Diphone” for these segments. A graphics display replaced the previous multi-channel function generator. The stored values could then be assembled by the computer in any specified order and the resulting values output to a digital tape.

Initial test material was a synthetic version of the Central Institute for the Deaf intelligibility test CID W22, using phonetically-balanced words.

NMAH | Smithsonian Speech Synthesis History Project ()

Diphone-assembly rules for Lib 4. Byit had become apparent that familiarization with the synthetic qu16 limited the research staff’s ability to make further improvements in the synthesis. By it had become apparent that diphones created in isolation were too stressed when used within words and phrases.

Use of a separate ua16 synthesizer avoided the computer processing necessary to construct the speech wave, as complete simulations at that time were taking times real time on a large computer, an IBM Words time compressed to either or ibk.

Munster,Basel: Also, the function generator and synthesizer offered immediate response, whereas complete computer simulation would have required overnight processing.

Watson Research Center H. Watson Research Center Assoc. Analysis of the tests suggested which diphones needed to be improved, and which diphones were being confused.

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Note that the first two patterns have different F0 and F3 scales. Dated Oct 30, to Jan 8, Dixon, containing examples of sentence synthesis from the function generator, diphone words, and diphone sentences diphone spelling.

The long patterns required up to five photocopies, in which the photocopies overlap. User’s guide for develop- ment text-to-speech system. Description of synthesizer, function generator, and diphone synthesis techniques. Goal of text-to-speech using diphone concatenation. The speech synthesis project was terminated during because of insufficient commercial application to continue the funding.


Initial products were commercial scales, meat and cheese slicers, industrial iibm equipment, tabulators, and punched cards. Formant synthesizer implemented with operational amplifiers and controlled by an on-line computer with graphic display. Donated by IBM Corp. Formant synthesis, rather than articulatory synthesis, was chosen because it was thought the control data could be obtained from a sound spectro- graph or an electronic formant-tracker.

This function generator design was believed to offer improvement in flexibility and ease-of-use over the previous designs for multi-channel function generators using conducting ink see SSSHP UK University College London.

Bythe company name had been changed to International Kbm Machines Corporation, and a line of business based on a printing calculator had begun to dominate its sales. To solve that problem, formal intelligibility tests were implemented, using naive listeners from a local university. Speech synthesis from manually pre- pared patterns of whole sentences, read by the function generator. Smithsonian Speech Synthesis History Project.

Experimental speech synthesis system description, diphone assembly algorithms. No record available of text-to-speech. Diphones were synthesized initially in a meaningful word, but au166 for subsequent use in other allophonic roles by later modification of duration and intonation. Test procedures and results of intelligibility tests ai16 64 words from telephone-intercept applications.

A synthesis approach based on assembling words from stored diphone segments was chosen because of the potential reduction in required computer storage over storing whole words, and the expectation that segment assembly ai16 require less real-time processing than a synthesis by rule method.

For that reason work during the years and addressed the use of diphones in multi-allophonic roles.