JACINTO CANEK PDF
The most serious Maya revolt in colonial Yucatec history happened at a town called Cisteíl. Its leader was Jacinto Uc. We know him as Canek. Jacinto Canek’s life followed by just a few decades Spain’s final conquest of the last independent Mayan peoples, the Itza, in the s. Palacio del Gobernador (Governor’s Palace), Merida Picture: The Execution of Jacinto Canek – Check out TripAdvisor members’ candid photos and.
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At a time when the Indians were not educated, Canek’s intelligence led him to train with the monks who lived in his area. This gave him a very important knowledge base when it came to analyzing what his people’s life was like.
It was not the first rebellion carried out by the Mexican indigenous peoples, who had been systematically removed from their culture and customs by the colonial power. The Spaniards always tried to downplay these uprisings, noting that they were the protagonists of small drunken minorities. Canek managed to embarrass the Spanish army for several days, but finally the great difference in military means condemned the attempt to failure.
It has been considered as an antecedent of what would happen a century later, with the so-called War of Castes in the Yucatan. The future indigenous leader was born in Campeche in Of Mayan descent, his family worked for the Franciscans. It was these monks who gave him the opportunity to study, something forbidden to the natives at the time. His great intelligence made the monks welcome him and begin to form him. Jacinto took advantage of the opportunity he had been granted and learned various subjects with the friars.
Among them, Latin, theology, history and grammar. It was precisely the knowledge acquired and his natural gifts that made him begin to become aware of how badly his people lived.
Nothing conformist, began to ask and protest loudly, which earned him a serious warning from the monks. This did not silence the young Mayan, who continued with his attitude. In the end, the Franciscans decide to expel him from the convent, considering him a rebellious Indian.
Once outside the convent, Jacinto went to work as a baker. For several years he maintained that occupation, which also served to visit part of the towns of the state and continue to know first-hand the plight of the indigenous people.
There is division among historians, but some claim that since he began to prepare a rebellion. He sent letters to find followers and indicated January as the chosen date. The intentona was discovered, reason why it decided to advance the attempt.
It was during this period that he earned the nickname of Jacinto Canek, taken from the last leader of the Itza, the last Mayans who resisted the Conquest.
It comes from the word Can-Ek, which means”black snake”. The economic, educational hacinto rights situation of the indigenous people in the time of Canek condemned them, without remedy, to remain in the poorest part of society. Throughout the jacinot century their traditions were almost exterminated and most were forced to work on the haciendas in almost slave-like conditions.
That is why several rebellions had already taken place before the one led by Canek. In the following decades, many jainto would burst until they reached the Caste War, a century later. The town of Cisteil, located near Sotuta, celebrated its religious festival on November 20, Fanek the ceremony ended, Jacinto Canek took the opportunity to address the neighbors who were there. Speaking to them in maya, he harangued them with the following words:. The judge of tributes is not satisfied even with the works that He confined our companions to prison, nor did he satisfy the thirst for our blood in the continuous lashes with which he macerated and broke our bodies.
Canek encouraged them to join their rebellion, claiming he had powers of a caster. He also told them that caneek had several sorcerers at his service and that the victory was prophesied in the Chilam Balam.
He promised the listeners that those who were killed would be resurrected after three days. Finally, he claimed to have the support of the English for his uprising. The uprising was a success in the first hours. They easily managed to take Cisteil.
Jacinto Canek: Biography and Rebellion | Life Persona
His only cajek was letting escape a friar, Miguel Ruela, who was the one who warned the Spanish authorities of what was happening. The friar appealed to the captain of the army in Sotuta.
This, named Tiburcio Cosgaya, soon prepared a detachment to go to Cisteil. However, Canek and his men were already prepared: At that time the rebels thought that their uprising could succeed. Canek is crowned king of the Mayans and promises to abolish the tributes, distribute the wealth left by the Spaniards and set up an administration led by the Caneo. The capital of that new Mayan nation would be found in Mani.
Little did the joy of the insurgents last. A week after the uprising, the Spaniards organized a large detachment composed of 2, soldiers.
The attack on Cisteil is brutal and about Maya die, for only 40 soldiers. Only men, among whom was Canek, manage to escape from the place. The survivors of the battle of Cisteil try to flee towards Sivac.
For their part, the Spaniards were not willing to let them escape. In Sivac himself, Canek is captured along jacimto the rest of his followers. The main accusation facing the indigenous leader is that of rebellion. To this crime they add that of sacrilege and have proclaimed themselves king. The summary trial does not last long and is condemned to death. Although the rest of his trapped supporters also receive convictions some are hanged and others are whipped or maimedCanek’s is particularly cruel.
File:Jacinto – Wikimedia Commons
According to the chronicles, he must die”gripped, his body broken and then burned and his ashes tossed to the wind”. If already the way to execute Canek should serve as a warning to future rebels, the Spaniards are not satisfied with that. Cisteil, where the uprising began, is burned and covered with salt. General culture History biology Other phrases Literature.
Canek, Jacinto (c. 1731–1761)