KORIDOR MP3EI PDF
Expansion of Indonesia Economic Development (Masterplan Percepatan dan Perluasan Pembangunan Ekonomi Indonesia – MP3EI) implemented with a spirit . Mengikuti Sosialisasi MP3EI Koridor Kalimantan dan Sulawesi di Makasar. Untuk melaksanakan MP3EI dibentuk Komite Percepatan dan Perluasan. Prasyarat Keberhasilan dan Strategi Utama MP3EI Koridor Ekonomi Indonesia Pelaksanaan dan Tata Kelola MP3EI ○ ○. Indonesia Mandiri. Adil dan Makmur .
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Log In Sign Up. By relying on capital owned by private sectors, MP3EI gives a chance to privatization a number of public assets particularly that potentially aimed to public services.
The classical reason is that the state or the government has no korivor fund then giving the private sectors to take an advantage to invest their capital for infrastructure development kiridor as road, communication infrastructure as well as electricity. This paper observes the main large-scale development project, which is also the pilot project for the implementation of MP3EI policy in Indonesia.
By observing the case, this paper exposes the politic of energy and power and role division between the government and the private party, which were aimed to accelerate Indonesian economic transformation through MP3EI policy. The description will explain how capital-driven exists in this case by using PPP scheme that encouraging privatization of public assets that aimed to meets the public services. The exposition in this paper includes an explanation of how the capital-driven growth occurred in the case.
Introduction The focus on economic corridors has become a trend of development strategies in various countries in the world. These large- scale development plans stand for a form of modernization that reflects very much thinking of the ruling elites and corporate capital.
The main characteristic of the plans is involving a huge amount of capital, undertaken by entrepreneurs, and promoting growth which leads to a strategy which fruits are too exclusive to be accessed by large parts of the population. One of MP3EI projects is energy and power sector, which is one m;3ei important infrastructure in industrialization. An increasing demand of energy and power sector in Java goes along with economic corridor development in MP3EI koricor ensure an adequate supply of energy in order to support existing and planned industries.
Therefore, even though Java has been more or having higher power supply than other islands, it is still necessarily to build high capacity power plants. The Reformasi era that ideally can be a moment for every region to better develop these potential economic, in business player side, to invest their capital often encounter some obstacles.
The geographically uniqueness as well as the richness of its make every local government put the decentralization policy as the moment to get back their resources being their own.
Therefore, bureaucracy scheme as well as related regulations has been adapted and local government acts as an important key in korixor in their particular region. Even though this has made easier private sectors that would only deal with local government, it has still remained some difficulties, like a hardship to follow the regulation due to an mp3i many conflicts of interest within government body.
Since the MP3EI policy published by presidential regulation, it will be a breakthrough to eliminate these complexity occurred and experienced by entrepreneurs or investors. Debottlenecking principle, either from trimming the koridoor aspect or pm3ei reform, is the main principle in MP3EI, including reforming some implementing regulations on public-private partnership PPP to meets a better climate for investment.
This paper observes the main large-scale development project, which is also a pilot project implementation of MP3EI policy in Indonesia. The description will explain how capital- driven kodidor in these two cases by using debottlenecking principle in MP3EI and PPP scheme that encouraging privatization of public assets that aimed to meets the public services. The MP3EI scheme The Economic Corridor is an economic development concept that starting with idea of zoning or well-defined geographical space that linked two or more areas with different levels of growth in one or several countries crossed borders that linked by well-developed transportation infrastructure networks Ishida, The concept of MP3EI p.
This is the basic idea of formulation of MP3EI and planned for long lasting program, Republik Indonesia, The main kordior is building 6 economic corridors in order to develop connectivity within areas in all over Indonesia and with other countries regionally and globally.
It is not only transportation infrastructure provision, but also human resource improvement system and information and communication technology ICT system.
Improvement strategy of communication and information system as well as national logistic system is very important, because those will be possibly all of economic activities being integrated. Those six economic corridors are indicated by six main islands with each potential that has been identified and examined by economical calculation 7 become its focus of economic development until In this case, MP3EI has already denied spirit of decentralization that has been started in post-Reformasi era To follow the government argumentation that only have limited budget for this project implementation, therefore it is important to invite the collaboration among central and local government, State Owned Enterprises SOEs and private sectors.
It also relates to accelerate economic growth, which dependencies of private sectors are important including state-owned enterprises and private domestic and foreign investor p.
The allocations state budget indicates that the government seriously provides the basic prerequisite of infrastructure and in the timeline of implementation, all of infrastructure project will be done in two years, It means during two years will happen massively infrastructure development. It still remain the big question of why does it concentrate to outer islands, which is currently lack of development activity and as a place of main natural sources. By seeing previous development experiences, specifically peasant small holders indicate as a big drawback, they were dispossessing from their land.
This tendency is also predicted happened through MP3EI implementation. Politic of Energy and Power Energy and power in Indonesia experiences a long evolution since it has been controlled by Republic of Indonesia after nationalization of the Netherlands- Indies companies. Old order era policy that emphasizes state ownership turned to opening private sector involvement in New Order era up to now through various scheme and type of maintaining and involvement.
In general, as long as Republic of Indonesia government, control and management of electric power has been in private sectors with various forms of involvement as well as influenced by external parties through various policies that has been occurred in each era and decades. After independence instate-based management of electric power experienced urgency that should be handed to its previous owner. There were 9 companies included in this regulation.
Very important change was when PLN opened possibility for private sector to be involved in electricity provision in Indonesia. In the mid of s, through the Law of Electric Power 15 was possibly a limited involvement of private sectors in electric power management PwC It was started a new era that PLN would buy private sector electric production, which was further regulated by policies issued in These have been along with IMF recommendation for all economic sectors to overcome crisis occurred in This regulation has changed PP No.
It has not only given an opportunity to private sector to produce electricity, but it has also provided an authority to determine tariff. The importance of private sector involvement in electricity production has been also supported by collaboration between private sector and the government scheme, called Public-Private Partnership PPP issued in In Presidential Regulation no.
SEMINAR HASIL by on Prezi
This policy has been revised in by putting several forms of institutional support in PPP, such as in a process of electricity infrastructure construction, there are PT.
Indonesia Infrastructure Financing PT. In addition, inkorido order to fill role of risk guarantee, it was regulated and formed PT. Penjamin Infrastruktur Indonesia PT.
The electricity policy and PPP policy have been aimed to support the PLN mandated task to accelerate power plant development kordor Indonesia The Requirement of CJPP-Batang project Power plant development in Batang can be seen from the aspect of kpridor needs for the industry in Java, which is characterized by massive industrial development during this decade.
The needs can be measured by looking at the dynamics of the existing korido in Java and the committed investment, either due to the implementing of MP3EI policy or ongoing plans. Java is the main island or a reliable land as one of piloting in acceleration scheme in MP3EI policy. Compared to the other major islands of Indonesia, Java has many advantages, namely the better infrastructures and its population density which is sufficient to meet the needs of labour. Every year they operate in Java and the number continues to increase.
Although percentage of mp3di number of projects and value of investment in had declined, those numbers of projects had risen significantly. The number of domestic direct investment projects in was projects of projects in Indonesia ; it was only and of and projects in Indonesia in and The amount of investment in Java generates the dominant of Java Island compared to other islands, based on the number of industrial companies both agricultural and non-agricultural industry.
The electrification ratio itself refers to comparison between the amount of electricity customers by category of household and the total household. It was caused by economic crises in developed countries that resulted many investments in other islands, primarily on the mining and plantation sectors, has reduced. Statistical Yearbook of IndonesiaTable Not only the investment for developing transportation infrastructure24, but also for the development of energy infrastructure facilities.
Although there are already several power korkdor built in Java, the increasing number of factories in Java is the reason koridod another power plant is needed.
It is also infrastructure to connect areas m3ei by river that was more intensively developed in Java, than in other islands such as Kalimantan that are having more river watershed areas. As well as telecommunication and electricity facilities, among other islands in Indonesia, since s, Java Island had priority. II, Presidential Regulation No. Activity Jakar ral Java n Java ta Java 1. Food and 21 6 1 3 4 7 beverage KPI 2. Defense 2 – – – – 2 KPI equipment 5.
Transportation 4 1 1 – – 6 KPI Equipment 6. The entire 34 KPIs have each potentiality with each primary economic activity as described kp3ei Table 8 above. The main economic activities are food and textile industry.
One of those inputs is electricity power supply. Hence, the development of large-scale power plant is important to be built in Java, in order to meet the needs of the koridkr and upcoming factories as well as to be the part of acceleration scheme of MP3EI policy implementation.
However, the condition described above is considered okridor because the needs of intensive industrial activities. A number of developed industries, both the existing and upcoming ones, require one of which sufficient electricity supplies.
While the lowest percentage was 26 Calculated from Table 4.
Desy Kusumawardani | Universitas Gadjah Mada (Yogyakarta) –
Meanwhile, PT PLN has always estimated the needs annually by observing the fixed indicators in order to forecast up to next 10 years. Population density in Java and Bali grows 1. This target will be reached by enhancing energy selling as the third indicator from merely PT PLN sees that commercial sector will contribute the biggest income from its power selling in These indicators are the interpretation of the factors used as the assumption for electricity need in certain region, that is by observing the economic growth, electrification program as well as transforming captive power utilization diversion of oil-fueled power plant into PLN consumers PLN,p.
Description Unit Projection 1.
Nasib Implementasi MP3EI Ada di Tangan BUMN
Annual Planning of Power Electricity Provisionpp. In fact, several projections which need development or more funding and had been obstructed will be accelerated with the issuance korior MP3EI policy. Various advantages, such as investment offerings for the private sectors, will be easier, either for small-scale or above MW. Untilthe total number is 33 power plants32, with the installed capacity as much as M3pei development projection is neither limited only to one type of power plant, nor focused on large-scale power plant, as depicted in Table 11 below and to be believed will meet the projection target by The Batang regency, which is koidor in Central Java province, was selected as the location for the steam-fired power plant development.
It is considered not suitable with the Regional Balance concept. In other words, the site selection strategy should be based on the reserve margin percentage in each operating area. Nevertheless, by observing at the site, which is located around north coast of Java and in the korudor of eastside and Westside of Java, the location is indeed strategic, because the electricity produced is reserved to meet the needs — in neither Batang regency nor Central Java — especially to provide electricity for rural households 34, but korridor the needs of industries in Java in the implementation of MP3EI policy.
With this uniqueness, all of parties will do their best in order to operate and giving a success story of PPP scheme for infrastructure development Strategic Asia,p. Until the Mmp3ei era began inby this scheme PLN had sufficient supplies to provide electricity for various purposes in Indonesia e.